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Results of Cambodia Agricultural Survey 2020 (CAS 2020): Available September 22, 2022

 

A decade ago the Royal Government of Cambodia recognized the importance of data in making policies for optimal and sustainable growth of agriculture and rural sector. It took its first step toward building a sound data base on Cambodian Agriculture by conducting its first Census of Agriculture (CAC) in 2013. The Census provided the baseline data on structure of Cambodian agriculture but there was a need to periodically monitor the impact of policies, and to design programmatic interventions on emerging development issues with a view to steering the country towards attainment sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

 

The National Institute of Statistics (NIS) of the Ministry of Planning (MOP), and the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF), Cambodia collaborated to conduct the Cambodia Inter-Censal Agriculture Survey in 2019 (CIAS 2019).

 

Using a representative sample of over 15,000 agricultural households, data was collected with 12-month reference period from 1 July 2019 to 30 June 2020, for the Cambodia Agriculture Survey 2020 (CAS 2020). The results will be released in a national seminar to be held on 22 September 2022.  The results will be available at national and regional level, with data on some items available at the provincial level.

The Government is looking forward to full use of this data for policy formulation, policy analysis and impact monitoring, research, as well as for informing public debates. The issues related to the development of crop, livestock, fish, and forest sectors, early impact of the COVID pandemic on the agricultural sector as well as for ensuring the food security status of the population can be analyzed using the CAS 2020 data.

The Government encourages all categories of data users in the government ministries and departments, and those outside the government like academic institutions, researchers, media personnel, elected representatives, and the citizens to use the data for decision making and/or for informed discussions.

 

The tabulated data will be published on the website of NIS. Subject to the national data sharing policy protecting the identity of respondents, the NIS will provide access to the micro-data for data users. The officials on NIS and MAFF will also be welcoming the comments of the data users, and have designated focal points to answer data related queries of the users.

 

The key domains and variables covered in the CAS 2020 are:

 

LAND PARCELS: number and area.

 

CROPS: crop areas planted and harvested, irrigation used, use of inputs like fertilizer and pesticides, seeds used, quantity produced, share of production sold,

 

LIVESTOCK: holdings engaged in raising animals, livestock population, animal slaughter activity etc.

 

FISHERY and AQUACULTURE: holdings involved, species raised, fish catch etc.

 

HOUSEHOLD: demographics, income, and food security profile.

 

WORKFORCE used on the holding, its source and gender.

 

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Mukesh Srivastava

Contact:  m.srivastava@ifad.org